科研與學術

當前位置: C868彩票 > 科研與學術 > 學術公告 > 正文

名師講堂:強迫行為、成癮障礙和強迫癥的相關機制——異常學習與前額-紋狀體失調

  • 閱讀次數:
  • 投稿時間:2018-03-29
  • 投稿人:人事科

       人力資源部教師發展中心“名師講堂”第77期活動安排如下,歡迎廣大師生參加C868彩票。

  一、主 題:強迫行為、成癮障礙和強迫癥的相關機制——異常學習與前額-紋狀體失調

  二、主講人:英國皇家學會會員、劍橋大學行為和臨床神經科學研究院院長 Trevor W. Robbins教授

  三、時 間:2018年4月2日(周一)10:00-11:00

  四、地 點:清水河校區綜合樓401學術報告廳

  五C868彩票、主持人:國家“”入選者 Keith Kendrick教授

  六、內容簡介:

  Impulsivity and compulsivity represent complementary cases of dysexecutive control, of considerable relevance to psychiatry. Whilst there has been intense focus on the dimensional construct of impulsivity, compulsivity has received far less attention. A working definition of compulsivity is of actions persisting inappropriate to the situation, having no obvious relationship to the ultimate goal and often resulting in undesirable consequences. This definition can be dissected neuropsychologically in several ways which I will illustrate by describing behavioural, computational and neuroimaging studies in two prototypical and devastating disorders of compulsivity, stimulant drug addiction and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). One notion is that compulsive behavior is uncontrolled and excessive habitual responding at the expense of adaptive goal-seeking ehavior. Habits are governed by stimulus-response representations that do not involve goals or rewards. These two forms of behavioural control have been characterized by studies in experimental animals and humans indicating mediation by distinct, though interactive, fronto-striatal systems. Hypothetically, addiction and OCD represent imbalance in these neural systems for goal-directed and habitual ehavior. I will examine several different ways of testing this hypothesis in stimulant drug abusers and patients with OCD and make comparisons indicating common, as well as distinctive, features of the two disorders. I will explore the implications of this research for causal accounts of ehavior including psychopathology, new therapeutic approaches, and the functional organization of fronto-striatal systems in the brain and their chemical neuromodulation.

  七、主講人簡介:

  Trevor William Robbins教授,英國皇家學會會員,英國醫學科學院院士,劍橋大學行為和臨床神經科學研究院院長,認知神經科學和實驗心理學教授。前劍橋大學心理學部部長(2002-2017年)C868彩票。1975年獲劍橋大學心理學博士學位,是英國心理學會、英國藥理學學會C868彩票、歐洲達納腦研究聯盟(EDAB)等多個組織的核心成員。曾任英國心理藥理學學會主席、歐洲行為藥理學學會主席。于2012年獲英女王接見并授予“大英帝國司令勛章”(CBE)。

  Robbins教授是全球100位高被引神經科學家之一,已發表學術論文800多篇,H指數220,論文引用超過15萬次(谷歌學術)。出版8部專著C868彩票,是Science等11部期刊的編輯部顧問,Psychopharmacology和Current Opinion in the Behavioral Sciences等多部期刊的主編,以及Scientific Reports等多本期刊的編委會成員。獲得眾多國際獎項C868彩票,包括美國心理學會杰出科學貢獻獎、歐洲行為藥理學學會杰出貢獻獎、英國心理藥理學學會終身成就獎、愛思維爾行為腦研究獎、美國生物精神病學學會金獎、精神分裂癥研究獎(Robert Sommer Award)、神經科學學會杰出科學家等等,并在醫學研究委員會(MRC)、神經科學學會(SfN)、英國皇家學會等國際眾多機構和組織中身兼要職,擔任英國和國際多個科學研究基金評委會成員。

  八、主辦單位:人力資源部教師發展中心

    承辦單位:生命科學與技術學院


C868彩票